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Soilless Cultivation Cocopeat Coir Cultivation

Min. Order / Reference FOB Price
50000 Square Meters 1000-9999 Square Meters CN¥35.38
Port: Qingdao,tianjin,lianyungang
Supply Ability: No accurate information
Payments: Visa,On line bank payment,Pat later
Type: Multi-Span Agricultural Greenhouses
Dimension: 6m/4m/customized
Weight: customized
Place of Origin: Shandong, China
Certification: SGS Certified
Applicable Industries: Greenhouse

Basic Info.

Cocopeat coir cultivation is to break the whole natural coconut shell into pieces of coconut shell of various sizes, and then sterilize and compress it into a granular material. It is widely used in the nursery and planting of flowers that require high breathability. It is an excellent soilless cultivation substrate with good water retention and breathability. It has sponge-like water absorption and breathability. It does not have to waterlog when it is wet.

Cultivation techniques of cocopeat coir cultivation

1. Nursery: Coconut trees are propagated only by seeds, so it is necessary to select high-yield and high-quality mother trees for seed collection. The seedbed should choose sandy soil with a near water source and flat terrain and a little shade. When sowing, use a sharp knife to cut off a small piece of outer peel near the bud eye and remove the fruit pedicle. The top is placed side by side on the seedling bed diagonally, and the seeds will germinate after two months. After germination, when the seedling height is 6-9 cm, it will be transplanted in a place exposed to sunlight. Generally, after 12-15 months, the seedling height is about 1 meter, and it can be planted in the rainy season.

2. Planting: dig holes before planting. The holes should be 1 meter in length, width, and depth. When planting, first fill part of the fertile topsoil and fully decomposed fertilizer in the hole, then stand the seedlings in the hole, and then fill the soil to cover the fruit and solid. Drain root water after planting. The planting density is generally about 18-20 plants per mu, and the plant row spacing is 6×6 meters.

3. Tending: within 4-5 years after planting, sweet potatoes, peanuts, cowpea, or forage crops should be interplanted with a view to managing mid-cultivation, covering, and increasing income. Coconut needs potassium fertilizer the most, followed by nitrogen fertilizer and less phosphate fertilizer. The ratio of the three is 3:2:1. Coconut meal, coconut leaves, and persimmon compost, or fish manure are all good fertilizers. For intercropping crops, generally no additional fertilization.

4. Prevention of diseases and insect pests: The main pests are coconut weevils and black coconut beetle cicadas. The former seriously harms young coconut trees, the larvae bore the trunk and petiole base, causing the leaves to wither, or even the plants die; the latter adult worms eat the young trunk or petiole, and the severe ones can kill the tree. As a control method, the wire can be used to hook larvae from wormholes or kill eggs, larvae, and pupae at the spawning place. Seal the hole with coal tar or clay. Or spray with DDT, soluble hexabrach, calcium arsenate, etc. Diseases include coconut bud rot, leaf rot, stem diarrhea, etc. Bud rot is the most harmful to the 15-45-year-old tree. Leaf rot mostly occurs in plants under 25 years old. Stem hemorrhagic disease is the red sap oozing from the cracks of the affected area, which becomes black after drying. In severe cases, inside the trunk, the plants rot and die. The prevention and control methods are generally to cut off diseased trees or diseased leaves and burn them on the spot to avoid spreading; you can also spray Bordeaux liquid or apply Bordeaux paste.

5. Harvesting and treatment: The coconut trees begin to bear fruit 5-6 years after planting, and the fruit-bearing period after 10 years can last 50 to 60 years. The yield per unit area is quite high, second only to oil palm, with an annual yield of about 25 to 60 fruits per plant. If 10-13 plants are planted per acre, the average annual output is 750-870, and the maximum is 1000. The fruit is generally harvested twice a year, from April to May and from July to August. When the outer peel turns yellow, the fruit is ripe and ready for picking. The harvested ripe fruit is peeled and the shell is removed. The coconut flesh is taken out and dried in the sun or roasted, and then dried into the coconut. The silk is called coconut shred, and the oil used to squeeze the coconut is coconut oil. Coconut oil yield, usually per 100 fruits, if harvested between April and May, you can get 7.5-8 kg of oil, harvested between July and August, you can get 9-10 kg of oil. Generally, the annual output of coconut oil is about 28-80 g/mu.

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